Most of the Plastic in the Ocean Comes From Just Five Countries

It is estimated that our oceans currently hold 268,940 metric tons of plastic waste and eight million tons of plastic waste enter the ocean every year.

This pollution not only has an effect on the environment and the economy, but leads to hazardous conditions for all sea life. Thousands upon thousands of birds, turtles, seals and other marine mammals are killed each year from ingesting plastic or getting entangled in it.

In the Los Angeles area alone, 10 metric tons of plastic fragments (such as grocery bags, straws, cups and bottles) are carried out into the pacific everyday.

While this number is staggering, research published this year states that China, Indonesia, Philippines and Vietnam account for 60% of all plastic wastes entering the ocean. This largely due to a surge in economic growth, without the infrastructure in place to deal with the fallout.

A new report from the Ocean Conservancy and McKinsey Center for Business and Environment, states that if these five countries could reduce their plastic leakage by 65% it would then cut the global leakage to 45% by 2025.

By properly managing waste, such as expanding garbage services, using more garbage for energy generation, and diverting more high-value plastic from the waste-stream, it wouldn’t be hard.
“Concerted action in the form of a $5 billion annual ramp-up in waste-management spending could create a vibrant secondary resource market, trigger investment in packaging and recovery systems, and let the ocean thrive.”

Source: http://www.fastcoexist.com/3042444/this-is-how-much-plastic-we-put-into-the-ocean-every-year-its-a-lot

http://www.oceanconservancy.org/our-work/marine-debris/stop-plastic-trash-2015.html?referrer=http://isoulscience.com/wp-admin/post.php?post=7655&action=edit

Footnotes: http://www.biologicaldiversity.org/campaigns/ocean_plastics/

This Breakthrough Technology Will Change the Way We View Clean Energy Forever

Researchers at George Tech have changed the way we will view clean energy forever, completing the world’s first functioning rectenna and describing it as an antenna that collects light and turns it directly into electricity.

The project is six years in the making.  These optical rectenna (part antenna and part rectifier diode) are composed partly of carbon nanotubes that collect light and convert it into DC current.  They work with any kind of light, sunlight is not required, however when this technology is applied to solar panels they will purportedly get a huge spike in efficiency.

“We could ultimately make solar cells that are twice as efficient at a cost that is ten times lower, and that is to me an opportunity to change the world in a very big way,” said Baratunde Cola, an associate professor in the George W. Woodruff School of Mechanical Engineering at Georgia Tech.

The technology has existed since the 1960’s, but only recently have scientists been able to make them small enough to couple optical wavelengths.  By miniaturizing the rectifier, they are able to capture electromagnetic wavelength oscillations and produce electricity.

This is big.  This is very, very big.  Because of the extremely easy and cheap process in construction, these could quickly change the entire way we harvest energy.

This Salt Lamp Runs For 8 Hours With One Cup of Salt Water

The Sustainable Alternative Lighting project, otherwise known as SALt, is releasing a lamp that runs purely on saltwater to the island nation of the Philippines where the cost of candles, paraffin, or battery-operated lamps have hit the poor very hard.

These lamps work as simply as they sound.  One glass of water, mixed with two tablespoons of salt and you get eight hours of bright light.

Here is the designer showing how it works

This is a social movement, as well as a new piece of technology.  Bringing light to people that struggle for it is one of the greatest gifts you can give them.  Being able to function at night is something that many people take for granted and can open up thousands of hours to work on other projects to better yourself and your community.

Later in the year, the salt lamp will also be able to charge smart phones.

At this point, I want one.

 

http://inhabitat.com/filipino-salt-lamp-runs-8-hours-on-just-1-glass-of-salty-water/

http://www.designindaba.com/articles/creative-work/lamp-powered-salt-water

Original Article

World’s First Eco Capsule Off Grid Home To Hit the Market

Developers at Nice Architects unveiled an eco-friendly pod that can be set up nearly anywhere in the world.

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This pod is equipped with everything you need to sustain water and electricity with a 750 watt wind turbine and solar panels.eco1

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The pod collects rainwater, filters and stores it in a tank below the pod. Inside you’ll find a  toilet, shower, mini-kitchen, bed, table and plenty of storage space.

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The capsule weighs about 3300 pounds is measured at 3 x 5 meters and can be attached and plugged into to any electric car.

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Go Incognito

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Activate Invisibility Shieldeco13

Sleep Under the Stars

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O.k so it doesn’t actually have an invisibility shield, but they have an assortment of exterior options. Nice architects are taking pre-orders at the end of 2015 and will start shipping in 2016.

by LJ Vanier

How to Build a Solar Powered Off Grid Home (12 Steps with Pictures)

This 1720 square foot cabin is made from reclaimed wood and two recycled shipping containers. The cabin comes with 2 140 square foot lofts on either end of the home, and sports a living roof for growing fresh organic fruits and veggies. This step by step guide will go into simple detail of each stage of the process. This guide assumes the containers and the floor are supported by pillars or a slab foundation already installed. The price of the unit does NOT include the solar panel power system.

Are you ready? Lets get started.

12 Steps How To Build a Cozy 1720sqft Solar Powered Shipping Container Cabin with Living Roof
12 Steps How To Build a Cozy 1720sqft Solar Powered Shipping Container Cabin with Living Roof

The design starts with 2 standard sized 4-‘ shipping containers, spaced approximately 20 feet apart. The span is bolted to each container, and the floor joists installed.

Container Cabin

The next step is to put down a temporary floor, and frame the front wall. Also, you’ll notice a large 12″x6″ beam on either side that will support the roof.

Container Cabin

The next step is to add the rear wall and cross beams for the roof framing. The gap created by stacking the  beams will be filled in later with a long glass (or plexiglass window) for added lighting.

Container Cabin

The trusses and floor joists for the lofts are installed next. (ridge beam not shown).

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This is an interior view of the lofts? Each loft is approximately 140 square feet. The lofts can be used for both storage or extra sleeping areas.

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Getting ready for the siding.

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Readying the exterior for wood siding. This can be reclaimed wood from old barns, pallets, or just about anything you can scrounge around for. Windows are added and the glass (or plexiglass skylight window is installed).

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More siding, more windows, and the roofing shingles (also wood) are installed. The eaves over lap part of the roof, which will drain into the raised bed living roof that will be installed later.

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This is the interior of the cabin, notice there is no insulation yet, nor any paneling. The idea is you can add whatever you like, hemp, fiber, or cellulose insulation.

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Solar panels are optional. As is the skylight. They add to the cost, but also make the cabin off grid and add lots of natural light.

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The raised beds for the living roof is installed. (not shown are the structural reinforcements to support the load of the added weight of the roof.)

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This is the finished cabin. Looking at it from the exterior you would never know it was made from shipping containers. The money saved by using reclaimed and recycled materials will allow for much more amenities and luxuries to be installed.

How many bedrooms?

Well, technically you can divide the space up any way you see fit. It could be turned into a 5 bedroom home, or a 3 room cabin. The living space in the center is huge, and gives you a very OPEN feel. The skylights let in plenty of natural light, and using the roof as growing space lets you save space and grow your own food.

Now, this is a very basic cabin, but gives you an idea of what can be accomplished with a little creativity and some hard work.

Container Cabin

Container Cabin

Container Cabin

 

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Unfortunately I’ve had to add this disclaimer because some people are fail to understand that this is a CONCEPT design and NOT an actual home. This design is an IDEA and a CONCEPT. We’re NOT selling anything, and we’re not proposing that anyone use our plans or designs to build their own shipping container home based on these designs. It’s simply a shipping container design idea to help inspire people into improving upon the design and maybe give them an idea they can use in their own dream home design.

Disclaimer: These are 3D design concepts for shipping container homes. They’re only a design concepts, and they do not exist, and are not for sale. The pricing presented here (if any) are for BARE BONES materials, does not include freight, moving, crane rental, or any amenities. 

Source

The Real Enemy to Green Energy

Energy is one of the things the world, in general, cannot do without. It is an essential commodity and almost everything we do in and out of our homes depends on it.

o 4Especially in Africa, energy generation had become one of the biggest challenges for governments and some countries are currently in total energy crisis as they have woefully failed to find a lasting solution to the problem.

But as the majority of people living everywhere in the world are in favor of green energy generation, the small group of people having control of the world are interested in energy generation that only brings disasters and destruction to the world.

Apart from fossil fuel, which burns and releases harmful and r 2dangerous chemical reactions into the atmosphere, energy produced from nuclear has proved even more dangerous and destructive.

According to the green energy activist, Ethan Indigo Smith, who has written copiously on the mintpressnews.com to contest the assertion that nuclear energy is for only peaceful production of energy, he argued that there is no difference between producing nuclear energy and nuclear weapons.

He asked an intelligent question that if nuclear energy is peaceful why is it that nuclear nations make the most weapons? But that is true. The countries with the most nuclear reactors are the front-runners in the manufacturing of nuclear weapons. The United States currently has almost 100 nuclear reactors in operation and it is not surprising that it is the leader in the production of nuclear weapons in the world.

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Smith argued that the example of the radiation leak at the Isolation Pilot Plant in New Mexico, in the US, and the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear disaster in Japan suggest the lack of imagination and comprehension in the nuclear industry, and it is only a recipe for major disaster that is just waiting to explode like a timed bomb if the world did not get rid of it entirely.

“Despite the ongoing failure of other nuclear plants, the energy industry that put the plutonium there assured us there would be no leak — as if they could predict Earth’s volatile future. It then proceeded to mine for natural gas in the area and may have caused the collapse of the storage facility, which is the likely cause of the radioactive release. I say ‘may have’ and ‘likely’ because, although the leaders of our energy systems can openly make predictions, they seem incapable of telling us what is happening today,” Smith wrote.

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In the opinion of Smith, the world has energy systems available that do not require any destruction, but the problem is the few people who are controlling the world. They benefit from the production of weapons, fueling unrest across the globe but always appear on stage with their faces looking innocent. They give speeches that sound melodious like the song of the mockingbird but deep down in their hearts are lies, vanity and greed.

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Smith underscored an important point that over the past few years, there have been concerted efforts by some individuals to generate sustainable energy from the Sun, wind and ocean currents, among others. And these efforts are yielding positive results, but the problem now is the oligarchy system which has taken deep root in the affairs of planet Earth. He said they make a conscious effort to discredit and destroy the progress being made to generate peaceful energy for residents of our planet.

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Smith concluded his argument with these strong words, “To free our society from the nuclear and petrolithic wars we have collectively manifested; we must deal with our mental problems and finally face reality. We have to reform our energy systems into environmentally and socially sustainable infrastructures that benefit all and risk none. The alternative is no alternative at all.”

Source

Students Build Giant Wooden Megaphones to Listen to the Sounds of the Forest

A group of architecture students living in Estonia decided to amplify the true sounds of nature by constructing giant megaphones and placing them in the wilderness. The megaphones are placed at the required distance and angles so that the sound will feed from all three directions .

The author of the idea is an interior architecture student Birgit Õigus who aimed to blend contemporary architectural space and wilderness. Privately funded, these megaphones are accessible for hikers and nature lovers for free.

More info: artun.ee

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Students Build Giant Wooden Megaphones to Listen to the Sounds of the Forest

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Musicians are even taking to the idea, using the natural sounds of the forest for inspiration.

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How to Turn a $2000 Shipping Container Into An Epic Off-Grid Home

How to Turn a $2000 Shipping Container Into An Epic Off-Grid Home

The average cost of a home in Canada reached a staggering $450,000 this year. This is no small chunk of change for the average working family and many have no choice but to turn to big banks, in order to provide a home for their growing families.

Joseph Dupuis, the Ontario, “man with the plan” intends to all of change this. His aim is to help as many people as he can to get out of the pockets of big banks and become more self sufficient. How? He built a home made from 3 shipping containers recently, and it just sold on Kijiji listed at $58,000.jason

“I see my friends buying $400,000 houses and they’re in debt for the next 35 years. It’s pretty backwards — we don’t need these expensive homes and all this stuff we have in our lives.” he told the Huffington Post in a recent interview.

Dupuis estimated that he spent $20,000 on the construction of the house and $30,000 on the solar and heating system. For a total of $50,000. jason1

While Dupuis used 3 containers to build his home and it contained “all the fixins” this style of housing can be accomplished with as little as one container for much less.

This Shipping Container Cost $2000

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Choose Your Exterior Colour.. Blue!

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Build Your Own Entry

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Hide-a-bed anyone?

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Serene Ocean View

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Sweet and Simple Living

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Back Country Hide Away

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Start a Community!

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Some have taken shipping container living to the max, with these stylish creations!

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The Leading Cause of Climate Change That No One is Talking About

The Leading Cause of Climate Change That No One is Talking About

Since 1995, 1100 activists have been killed for speaking out about animal agriculture. Among them, Dorothy Stang a woman who dedicated her life to protect Brazil’s rain forest and it’s inhabitants. In 2005, Dorothy was murdered while walking to her home by a hired gun of the cattle industry.

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In a report released by the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization, it states that cattle rearing generates more global warming green house gases than the entire transportation sector. “Livestock are one of the most significant contributors to today’s most serious environmental problems,” senior UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) official Henning Steinfeld said. “Urgent action is required to remedy the situation.”.

Raising animals for food consumption uses 30% of the world’s water, 45% of the world’s land, and is responsible for 91% of the destruction of the rain forest. Among these shocking figures, animal agriculture is also the leading cause of the oceans dead zones, the leading cause of habitat destruction and the leading cause of species extinction.

Hydrolic Fraction for Natural Gas (fracking) has long been thought to be the leading cause of water usage and contamination as it consumes 100 billion gallons of water per year. Yet, when compared to animal agriculture, there is no comparison. Weighing in at 34 trillion gallons per year in the United States alone.

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This means that 2500 gallons of water are required to produce only 1 lb of beef. To put that into perspective, that would be as much water usage as showering for 2 months.

Animal agriculture produces 65% of the worlds nitrous oxide (a gas with the global warming potential 296 x greater than carbon dioxide) and it is estimated that by 2050, this industry will see a 80% increase, as the demand for meat and dairy continues to rise. At this rate of growth, it is estimated that the rain forest will be completely depleted in 10 years.

” Without using any gas or oil or fuel from this day forward we still exceed our maximum carbon equivalent green house gas emissions of 565 gigatons by 2030″ – Environmental Researcher Dr. Richard Oppenlander

According to two environmental specialists in a 2009 World Watch report, animal agriculture is responsible for 51% of all greenhouse gas emissions, while the transportation sector equates to a mere 13%.

This begs the question, why is no one talking about this?
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Our environmental organizations are failing us and they are failing the ecosystem. These groups who are supposed to the saving the world are just standing by. This should be the main focus and yet when you visit their websites, there is nothing to be found on agriculture. Why? because these organizations are like corporations, and profit is a bottom line.

1500 years ago, animals roamed free accounting for 99% of the biodiversity and humans were the 1%. Today, there are only 2% of animals roaming free on the land and humans account for 98% of the biodiversity.

It’s time to wake up and realize that raising and killing animals for food, is precisely what is killing the planet. Meatless Monday’s aren’t enough, its time for a global shift. We are in the middle of the largest mass extinction of species in the last 65 million years. We have to change, we have to evolve.

Animal agriculture should be the leading cause of climate change, EVERYONE is talking about.

by LJ Vanier

Source:

http://www.cowspiracy.com Watch the documentary!

Scientists Find Plants Are Intelligent and Communicate Telepathically

by Michael Forrester| Plants have scientifically been show to draw alternative sources of energy from other plants. Plants influence each other in many ways and they communicate through “nanomechanical oscillations” vibrations on the tiniest atomic or molecular scale or as close as you can get to telepathic communication.

Members of Professor Dr. Olaf Kruse’s biological research team have previously shown that green algae not only engages in photosynthesis, but also has an alternative source of energy: it can draw it from other plants. His research findings were released in the online journal Nature Communications.

cornOther research published last year, showed that young corn roots made clicking sounds, and that when suspended in water they would lean towards sounds made in the same frequency range (about 220 Hz). So it seemed that plants do emit and react to sound, and the researchers wanted to delve into this idea further.

Working with chili plants in their most recent study, specifically Capsicum annuum, they first grew chili seeds on their own and then in the presence of other chili plants, basil and fennel, and recorded their rates of germination and growth. Fennel is considered an aggressive plant that hinders the germination of other plants around it, while basil is generally considered to be a beneficial plant for gardening and an ideal companion for chili plants.

Germination rates were fairly low when the seeds were grown on their own, lower when grown in the presence of fennel (as expected). Germination rates were better with other chili plants around, and even better with basil.

plants commSince plants are already known to ‘talk’ through chemical signals and to react to light, the researchers separated newly planted seeds from the other plants using black plastic, to block any other kind of ‘signaling’ other than through sound. When fennel was on the other side of the plastic, the chemical effects of its presence, which would have inhibited germination of the chili seeds, were blocked. The chili seeds grew much quicker than normal though, possibly because they still ‘knew’ the fennel was there, ‘knew’ it had the potential to have a negative effect on their germination, and so they quickly got past the stage where they were vulnerable.

If even bacteria can signal one another with vibrations, why not plants, said Monica Gagliano, a plant physiologist at the University of Western Australia in Crawley.

Gagliano imagines that root-to-root alerts could transform a forest into an organic switchboard. “Considering that entire forests are all interconnected by networks of fungi, maybe plants are using fungi the way we use the Internet and sending acoustic signals through this Web. From here, who knows,” she said.

As with other life, if plants do send messages with sound, it is one of many communication tools. More work is needed to bear out Gagliano’s claims, but there are many ways that listening to plants already bears fruit.

According to the study: “This demonstrated that plants were able to sense their neighbours even when all known communication channels are blocked (i.e. light, chemicals and touch) and most importantly, recognize the potential for the interfering presence of a ‘bad neighbour’ and modify their growth accordingly.”

Then, to test if they could see similar effects with a ‘good neighbour’, they tried the same experiment with other chili plants and then with basil. When there were fully-grown chili plants in their presence blocked by the plastic, the seeds showed some improved germination (“partial response”). When basil was on the other side of the plastic, they found that the seeds grew just as well as when the plastic wasn’t there.

“Our results show that plants are able to positively influence growth of seeds by some as yet unknown mechanism,” said Dr. Monica Gagliano, an evolutionary biologist at UWA and co-author of the study, according to BioMed Central. “Bad neighbors, such as fennel, prevent chili seed germination in the same way. We believe that the answer may involve acoustic signals generated using nanomechanical oscillations from inside the cell which allow rapid communication between nearby plants.”

What Can Humans Learn?

Flowers need water and light to grow and people are no different. Our physical bodies are like sponges, soaking up the environment. “This is exactly why there are certain people who feel uncomfortable in specific group settings where there is a mix of energy and emotions,” said psychologist and energy healer Dr. Olivia Bader-Lee.

 “When energy studies become more advanced in the coming years, we will eventually see this translated to human beings as well,” stated Bader-Lee. “The human organism is very much like a plant, it draws needed energy to feed emotional states and this can essentially energize cells or cause increases in cortisol and catabolize cells depending on the emotional trigger.”

Bader-Lee suggests that the field of bioenergy is now ever evolving and that studies on the plant and animal world will soon translate and demonstrate what energy metaphysicians have known all along — that humans can heal each other simply through energy transfer just as plants do. “Human can absorb and heal through other humans, animals, and any part of nature. That’s why being around nature is often uplifting and energizing for so many people,” she concluded.

Michael Forrester is a spiritual counselor and is a practicing motivational speaker for corporations in Japan, Canada and the United States.

This article originally appeared at PreventDisease.com.

By 2018 All Dutch Trains Will Run on Wind Energy

Thanks to two progressive companies, sustainability will completely be redefined within the next few years for people in the Netherlands.  As Global Rail News reports, Nederlandse Spoorwegen, Netherlands’ railway giant, and Eneco, a local energy supplier, have struck a deal to ensure all trains run solely on wind farm-produced energy by the year 2018.

Presently, 50% of the 2,900 km of the Dutch railway system is running on wind power, which transits 1.2 million passengers a day.

According to Michael Kerkhof, Eneco’s account manager, the government has to pay “no direct subsidies” to the project. In addition, the “wind energy costs a little more than non-sustainable energy, but the Dutch railways have managed to keep train ticket prices at par by continuously decreasing the use of energy per travelled kilometer and by closing this 10-year contract under attractive commercial conditions.” 

This initiative is likely a result of Dutch citizens suing their government for not being stricter on climate change.  In case you missed that news, they won. The court ordered the Dutch government to cut 25% of its carbon emissions within five years.

Credit:

In order to reach the goal, however, the Netherlands will have to transition to sustainable energy sources and reduce its coal and gas consumption. According to The Plaid Zebra, the country intends on expanding its wind power by adding a 600 MW facility to its 2.7 GW capacity, which is set to be operational in 2017. By the year 2023, it plans on bringing its total capacity to 4.47 GW.

The Dutch aren’t the only progressive populace making headlines with their intention to “go green.” Earlier this year, the country of Denmark generated 140% of its energy needs in one day, with plenty to spare with neighboring countries. And France, a nation now becoming renowned for its green initiatives, banned grocery stores from purposely wasting food. That’s not all, Sweden has literally run out of garbage, and now has to import it from neighboring countries. It doesn’t seem outrageous to hypothesize that in the future, most locations will thrive on sustainably sourced energy.

Those seeking to “be the change” and reduce their carbon footprint will no doubt appreciate the Netherland’s resolution to be climate-neutral. As 1.2 million train trips are taken each day on the railway giant, this initiative will benefit the planet in more ways than one.

What are your thoughts? Comment below. 

Source

How to Create Solar Light Bulbs With Nothing But a Bottle and Some Bleach

The innovative mechanic has been using plastic water bottles filled with water and a splash of bleach to light up dark rooms since 2002, and now the idea has spread across the world. It is predicted that by the end of the year, over a million homes will be fitted with the invention and be lit up – without any electricity!

Moser’s method works using refraction of the sunlight. His secret is two capfuls of Bleach added to water in normal plastic bottles, which are commonly thrown away. While some may argue that Bleach is not the most environmentally friendly product, it stops the solution from turning green with algae when exposed to sunlight. From this simple combination, millions of homes may become illuminated.

By drilling a hole in a roof tile and then pushing the filled bottle in from below, the bottle can be kept in place with plastic resin and the new ‘window’ can be made waterproof.

Alfredo, in his interview with BBC World Service, said that depending on the strength of sunlight, the light filling his home is equivalent of between 40 and 60 watts.

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 What inspires one to create an affordable and alternative means of lighting? Moser stated that he came up with the idea, the ‘Moser Light’, during one of the frequent blackouts in Brazil during the year of 2002. Because only factories had power in his hometown of Uberaba during blackouts, it became a necessity to create an alternative form of lighting.

According to his BBC interview, it was his boss that suggested using a plastic bottle filled with water as a lens to focus the sun’s rays. Mr. Moser then used the concept to create his inventive light.

“It’s a divine light. God gave the sun to everyone, and light is for everyone. Whoever wants it saves money. You can’t get an electric shock from it, and it doesn’t cost a penny.” Alfredo said.

It’s clear that Alfredo is not sharing his lighting method for personal gain, but to help others. He earned a few dollars installing the lights in his local supermarket and neighbors’ houses, but his invention has not made him a wealthy man.

brazilian4Moser shared, “There was one man who installed the lights in his home and within a few months he had saved enough to pay for the essential things for his child, who was about to be born. Can you imagine?”

Humble and generous-hearted, Alfredo has shared the invention with those who seek an affordable way to light their house. Executive Director of MyShelter Foundation, Illac Angelo Diaz, spoke that he admires Moser’s ingenuity and is grateful to utilize the water bottle system.

The organization, which uses recycled materials to build houses, has started incorporating water bottles into roofs since learning of Moser’s method. It also trains local people to do the same so they may earn a living.

It is reported that over 140,000 homes in the Philippines have been fitted with water bottle lights. This is exceptional considering that a quarter of the population in this region lives in poverty. 15 other countries live in similar conditions, including Argentine, India, and Fiji.

Mr. Diaz believes that over 1 million Moser Lights have been installed in 2013, and credits the mechanic with transforming lives.

Similar means of creating light from water bottles have been used in Sitio Maligaya, so the invention is not a first, but it’s reach is still inspirational.

Whether or not Moser is granted the Nobel Peace Prize, many (including Diaz) want the big-hearted Brazilian to know that his contribution is greatly appreciated.

Ambitious to light his own house, Alfredo never imagined his invention would have such an impact on a global scale. He told BBC that it ‘gives him goosebumps’ if he thinks about how many people are using Moser Lights.

His example goes to show that with inspiration, pure intent, and passion, anything is possible. His lights will continue to light up dark places and transform the lives of many.

Sources:

1 Billion without Electricity

BBC

A Liter of Light

Via True Activist